The Berghof's long distance call ledger, 343rd Infantry Regiment, 86th Infantry Division
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“Ferngespräche” / “Long-distance calls”
Every long distance phone call made from the Berghof was recorded in this 262-page ledger.
Covering the period April 1942 to January 1944, some of the major events of the war are catalogued here.
The time and date of each call is logged – along with the caller’s name, the number and town they called, and how long the call lasted.
Several names are recognizable, such as “Wolf” calling Linz, Munich, Berlin and so on from room 334 (“diener des fuhrers”, or “servant of the Führer” room).
This would have been Hitler’s secretary, Johanna Wolf, calling on Hitler’s behalf. Other callers of note include Obersturmbannführer Bernhard Frank (SS Commander of the Obersalzberg complex) – and Eva Braun’s close friend Herta Schneider. Many calls made by the Head of the SS Tunnelling Company, Dr Peter Preidt, are also present, along with Hitler’s stenographer, Heinrich Heim.
Each call is also signed off by the SS switchboard operator at the time. In many cases this is “Samitz”, or Alois Samitz, who was the last operator in the Berghof in May 1945.
It’s also interesting to note that calls to friends and family are marked “privat” and a re-charge cost is allocated to the caller, presumably for settling up each month.
“I drained the acid from the batteries, and tore out the pages from the log-book with all the calls recorded in the last few days. Then I burned them right there in the bunker, so that no one would know who I had spoken to on the phone. Nothing was left for the enemy to find. Then I went out of the door for the last time.” - Alois Samitz.
Excerpt from Inside Hitler’s Mountain, by Florian Beierl.
N.B. the log book pictured here is not the log book Samitz describes above, as no pages have been ripped out. This may still exist somewhere.
The logbook pictured here was removed from the Berghof by Bates H Landis in the Spring of 1945. Landis served in C Company of the 343rd Infantry Regiment, part of the 86th Infantry Division. In a letter detailing his find he describes removing a small phone book from Hitler’s bedroom then exploring the Berghof further, where he finds the telephone exchange and subsequent telephone logbook.
Hitler’s photographer, Heinrich Hoffmann
Hermann Göring calling from Landhaus Göring
The Berghof’s telephone exchange as it was found in May 1945.
Identity pass for Obersalzberg district II
The kurzfristiger ausweis (or short-term ID card) shown below was issued to a member of Adolf Hitler's personal bodyguard, Untersturmfuhrer Gunther Welter, by the Reichssicherheitsdienst (Reich security service). It gave him authority to enter bezirke II (district II) of the Obersalzberg. This covered all areas around and including the Berghof, but excluded the Kehlstein area, which was besirke III. The outer gates of bezirke II were manned by RSD people when Hitler was on the Obersalzberg. While he was away, it was manned by workmen guards (Arbeiterposten).
Another pass like this one exists, which was issued to Frau Goering – shown below. These red passes gave access to bezirke I.
Source: Hitler's Personal Security, Peter Hoffmann